Understanding Flora and Fauna and Examples

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Understand flora and fauna. simple florae are plants and fauna are animals. At that time flora was considered common in all types of plants and plants on the face of the earth and fauna of all types of animals that live on the surface of the earth.

Flora and fauna have various types and variations that are not counted. These animals and plants have different homes from sea to land.

Endemic flora is plants that live in certain areas. There are Javanese flora, flora in Sumatra, endemic flora of Borneo and many more. Endemic flora in the region usually has certain types that cannot be found in other regions or can be found.

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This is because each area is fertile from climate and weather and various types of soil are different. Trees are endemic in Java, such as jasmine flowers, Papuan endemic flora as red fruit plants, Sumatra endemic flora are rafflesia Arnoldi or carcasses and so on.

Not only in flora but in animals or fauna also have different groups in each region. Examples of endemic native fauna from Papua are birds of paradise. Javanese native fauna is a single rhinoceros and a sign of Sumatran fauna is a Sumatran tiger. Fauna has geographical additions such as transitional animals, Asian animals, and Australian animals.

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Distribution of Flora and Fauna

In Indonesia, the spread of native flora and fauna in Indonesia is influenced by many things, such as geographical aspects. Zoologists believe that fauna in the Indonesian region has the same type of fauna in Southeast Asia or oriental. Meanwhile, fauna in eastern Indonesia is similar to fauna on the continent of Australia or Australia.

In Indonesia, the area of fauna distribution is divided into 3 regions, namely western Indonesia, eastern Indonesia, and the transition region or Wallace. Meanwhile, the distribution of fauna in Indonesia is separated by the Lydekker and Webber lines.

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Fauna

Western Indonesia – Western Indonesia including Kalimantan, Sumatra, Java, and Bali. This area is limited by the Wallace shadow line between Sulawesi and Kalimantan and between the islands of Lombok and Bali. Types of fauna originating from western Indonesia include leopards, leopards, tigers, orangutans, elephants, sun bears, leaves, green peacocks, Bali stars, Wau-wau, bulls, green peacocks and Javan rhinos.

 

Transitional areas – Areas in this region are Sulawesi, Maluku, Sumbawa, Sumba, and Lombok. The transition area is limited by the Lydekker line in the east and the Wallace line in the west. The two barrier lines are the Weber line as a balance line located on the eastern side of the island of Sulawesi. The types of animals in this region are Sulawesi butterflies, cuscus, bears, Soa-Soa, white cayars, hornbills, lowland anoa, mountain eagles, dragons and more.

 

Eastern region of Indonesia – This area is limited by the Lydekker line, which includes Papua and the surrounding islands. The types of fauna that inhabit this area include butterfly butterflies, paradise quails, small walls, royal shells, green pythons, soft Kasowhogs, and royal parrots.

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Flora

Distribution of flora in the western, eastern and central parts of Indonesia is:

West Flora – West Flora has many species of mangroves and many areas of mangroves around the coast. Forests in the western region are always green with many useful wood species.

Eastern Flora – The flora features in the east are similar to the flora found on the Australian continent. In addition, the spread of flora to the east increases leaves and sharks.

The typical flora of this region is the Matoa tree and the ficus family of banyan trees.

Central Flora – Central flora has a uniform type of forest because it is dominated by one type of plant. The most common types found in this region are cypress, pine, and dates.

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